literature review on childhood obesity based off book the heavy and how it connect with socialogical theory and conepts

Childhood Obesity was choose based upon a the book,

  • The Heavy: A Mother, A Daughter, A Diet – A Memoir

A. Complete an introduction, directions as follows:


In 1.5 page double space space, 12 front, introduce and briefly explain your chosen concept as well as provide the chosen sociological theory or concept to analyze your medical and social issue. Your introduction should clearly state the purpose and intent of the paper, define key terms with proper citations, and provide a brief background of the medical issue as it impacts social life of individuals or groups (why the medical issue is a social issue). Do not assume the reader has background information on your topic. Be sure to have a reference section and provide the proper citations within the text of the introduction section.



Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a serious mental illness that occurs mainly in athletes who play very aggressive sports and can occur when serious and repetitive blows are taken to the head. Symptoms are not the same for everyone who has it but can range from “memory loss, behavioral and personality changes, Parkinsonism, and speech and gait abnormalities” (Kale, 2012). The majority of CTE cases have been found in professional leagues where sports are the most aggressive and competitive. Those who play sports like boxing, hockey, and football are at risk of developing this disease (Kale, 2012; McCrory, Tsharni, and Cameron, 2007; Fainaru-Wada, 2014); especially those in sports where then main objective is to take the other player down.

This disease can have a major impact on those it affects and also those close to people with this mental illness. For example, in League in Denial, Mike Webster was diagnosed with CTE when he passed, but during his last few years he was very paranoid and in constant pain and could not even sleep (Fainaru-Wada, 2014). Though it was Mike suffering from mental and physical damages, his family also had to deal with what was going on with their father/husband and watched him crumble right in front of their eyes (Fainaru-Wada, 2014).

In sociology, people are divided up by certain demographics; age, gender, and social class. In this context we can say that NFL players are their own group and can be studied to compare their health differences to non-NFL players. To begin, NFL players have to be mentally and physically tough to handle the aggressiveness of the sport. This could mean that someone would have to re-learn, or re-socialize, how to interpret certain symptoms, like pain. Also some players might know they have a concussion but choose not to say anything to avoid being sat out (Freshman, 2014). So this could be learned from other players and internalized that maybe the condition isn’t bad as the research shows. If players do get injured and others find out about it, they could be ridiculed for not being tougher and stronger. This relates Parson’s sick role. In addition, stigma can be used to describe the approval or disapproval of others based on someone’s qualities or features (Cockerham, 2012). NFL players might not want to be stigmatized for having a head injury or mental illness in a world that concentrates power, strength, and skills so they might continue to ignore obvious symptoms and continue to play so that they are not shamed by their teammates.

This essay will explain chronic traumatic encephalopathy and its effects on those affiliated from a sociological view of stigma and sick role. Athletes are not the only ones impacted by CTE, their family, friends, peers and general public are affected. In addition, discussion on current controversy and legalize battles within professional sports aimed to protect players and/or the industry will shed light on the power structure of professional sports.


Cockerham, William C. 2012. Medical Sociology. 12th ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Fainaru-Wada, Mark and Steve Fainaru. 2014. League of Denial: The NFL, Concussions and the Battle for the Truth.New York: Three Rivers Press.

Kale, Rajendra. 2012. “Stop the Violence and Play Hockey.” CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal184(3): 275-275

McCrory, Paul, Tsharni Zazryn and Peter Cameron. 2007. “The Evidence for Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy in Boxing.” Sports Medicine 37(6):467-477,


B. Update and edit the attached literature review with additional information that includes the following:

The literaure review should go with the introduction (that was written in Part A). Please add at least 2 additional pages of infomation to/in the literature review. Please include include stastisrics, definition, treatment methods, social issues, etc.)

Literature Review

The literature review is to summarize the important information about your ***concept using statistics, definitions (medical and sociological theory/concepts) and how this medical condition is a social issue. Your literature may reference valid medial or sociological definitions, statistics, treatment methods, quality of life concerns, studies on patient’s perceptions, social issues, etc. ****Consider how your concept impacts the lives of individuals, families, organizational/institutional units, and the greater society.

Your literature review should connect sociological theory to your concept and should be no more than 3 to 4 pages doubled spaced, 12 font New Times Roman, with 1 inch margins using ASA citations style. See Canvas for deadline.

******You should be able to answer the following questions:

  • How does this issue affect the lives of individuals and connect with the lives of others at various levels such as family, organizational/institutional or the greater society?
  • How is this social issue/medical issue connected with a sociological theory or concept(s)? Use and cite definitions and theorists.
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